Herod Agrippa II – People & Characters In The Bible – Detailed Explanation – Bible Glossary

I. Who was Herod Agrippa II?

Herod Agrippa II, also known as Marcus Julius Agrippa, was the last ruler of the Herodian dynasty. He was born in 27 AD in Rome and was the son of Herod Agrippa I and Cypros. After his father’s death in 44 AD, he was raised and educated in Rome by the emperor Claudius. Herod Agrippa II was known for his intelligence, education, and diplomatic skills. He was appointed by the Romans as the ruler of Chalcis in 48 AD and later became the king of Judea and Samaria in 53 AD.

II. What was Herod Agrippa II’s relationship to the Herodian dynasty?

Herod Agrippa II was a member of the Herodian dynasty, which was a ruling family in the Roman province of Judea. The Herodian dynasty was founded by Herod the Great, who was known for his ambitious building projects and ruthless rule. Herod Agrippa II’s father, Herod Agrippa I, was a close friend of the emperor Caligula and was appointed as the king of Judea in 41 AD. After his father’s death, Herod Agrippa II inherited his father’s territories and continued to rule as a client king under the Roman Empire.

III. What role did Herod Agrippa II play in the New Testament?

Herod Agrippa II is mentioned in the New Testament in the book of Acts. He is depicted as a ruler who had a close relationship with the Roman authorities and the Jewish religious leaders. In Acts 25:13, Herod Agrippa II is described as visiting the city of Caesarea with his sister Bernice to pay his respects to the new Roman governor, Festus. The apostle Paul was brought before Herod Agrippa II to present his case, and Herod Agrippa II expressed interest in hearing Paul’s defense.

IV. How did Herod Agrippa II interact with the Apostle Paul?

Herod Agrippa II had a significant interaction with the Apostle Paul during Paul’s trial in Caesarea. In Acts 26, Herod Agrippa II is portrayed as listening to Paul’s defense of his faith and his preaching of the gospel. Paul used this opportunity to share his testimony and proclaim the message of Jesus Christ to Herod Agrippa II and the others present. Although Herod Agrippa II did not convert to Christianity, he acknowledged Paul’s innocence and stated that Paul could have been set free if he had not appealed to Caesar.

V. What was Herod Agrippa II’s role in the Jewish-Roman War?

During the Jewish-Roman War, Herod Agrippa II played a complex role as a ruler caught between the Roman authorities and the Jewish rebels. He tried to maintain a delicate balance between his loyalty to Rome and his ties to the Jewish people. Herod Agrippa II initially supported the Roman forces in their campaign against the Jewish rebels but later switched sides and joined the Jewish forces in their fight against the Romans. However, his efforts were ultimately unsuccessful, and Jerusalem fell to the Roman army in 70 AD.

VI. How did Herod Agrippa II’s reign come to an end?

Herod Agrippa II’s reign came to an end with the fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 AD. After the Jewish-Roman War, Herod Agrippa II lost his territories and was forced to flee to Rome. He was granted asylum by the emperor Vespasian and lived out the rest of his days in Rome. Herod Agrippa II died sometime in the early 90s AD, marking the end of the Herodian dynasty’s rule in Judea. Despite his efforts to navigate the turbulent political landscape of his time, Herod Agrippa II’s reign ultimately came to a tragic and ignominious end.