Nahum – Books Of The Bible – Detailed Explanation – Bible Glossary

I. What is Nahum?

The Book of Nahum is one of the twelve Minor Prophets in the Old Testament of the Bible. It is a short book consisting of three chapters, and it is named after its author, the prophet Nahum. The book is written in the form of a prophetic oracle, delivering a message of judgment against the city of Nineveh, the capital of the Assyrian Empire.

Nahum is considered a prophetic book because it contains messages from God delivered through the prophet Nahum. The book is written in poetic language and contains vivid imagery to convey its message of judgment and destruction.

II. Who was Nahum?

Not much is known about the prophet Nahum himself. His name means “comfort” or “consolation,” which is ironic given the harsh message of judgment he delivers in his book. Nahum is believed to have been a native of Elkosh, a town in the region of Galilee.

Nahum is described as an “Elkoshite” in the opening verse of his book, which likely refers to his hometown. Some scholars believe that Nahum may have been a contemporary of the prophet Jeremiah, who prophesied during the final years of the Kingdom of Judah.

III. What is the historical context of Nahum?

The historical context of the Book of Nahum is the fall of the Assyrian Empire and the impending destruction of its capital city, Nineveh. The Assyrians were known for their cruelty and brutality in warfare, and they had conquered and oppressed many nations, including the Kingdom of Israel.

Nahum prophesied during a time when the Assyrian Empire was in decline, and the city of Nineveh was facing imminent destruction. The Babylonians, under the leadership of King Nabopolassar and his son Nebuchadnezzar, would eventually conquer Nineveh in 612 BC, fulfilling Nahum’s prophecy of its downfall.

IV. What are the key themes in Nahum?

The key themes in the Book of Nahum are judgment, destruction, and justice. Nahum’s prophecy against Nineveh is a message of divine judgment for the city’s wickedness and oppression of other nations. The book describes in vivid detail the destruction that will come upon Nineveh and the Assyrian Empire.

Another key theme in Nahum is the sovereignty and power of God. The book emphasizes God’s role as the ultimate judge and ruler of the nations, who will bring justice to the oppressed and punish the wicked. Nahum’s prophecy serves as a reminder of God’s faithfulness to his people and his commitment to upholding justice in the world.

V. What is the significance of Nahum in the Bible?

The Book of Nahum holds significance in the Bible as a prophetic message of judgment and justice. It serves as a reminder of God’s sovereignty and power over the nations, as well as his faithfulness to his people. Nahum’s prophecy against Nineveh also demonstrates the consequences of sin and oppression, as well as the importance of repentance and turning back to God.

Nahum’s message of judgment and destruction is a warning to all nations and individuals who turn away from God and engage in wickedness. It serves as a call to repentance and a reminder of the consequences of disobedience to God’s commands.

VI. How does Nahum relate to other books in the Bible?

Nahum is closely related to the Book of Jonah, another prophetic book in the Old Testament. Both books deal with the city of Nineveh and contain messages of judgment and repentance. While Jonah’s message led to the repentance of the people of Nineveh and their salvation from destruction, Nahum’s prophecy foretells the city’s eventual downfall and destruction.

Nahum’s message of judgment against Nineveh also echoes the prophecies of other prophets, such as Isaiah and Jeremiah, who also spoke out against the sins of the nations and warned of the consequences of disobedience to God. The themes of judgment, justice, and repentance found in Nahum are common throughout the prophetic books of the Old Testament, emphasizing the importance of faithfulness to God and obedience to his commands.